Cardiac arrhythmia, also known as cardiac dysrhythmia or irregular heartbeat, is a group of conditions in which the heartbeat is irregular, too fast, or too slow. Too fast called tachycardia, too slow called bradycardia. Many types of arrhythmia have no symptoms, if at all present, includes palpiations or feeling a pause between hearbeats. More seriously there may be lightheadedness, passing out, shortness of breath, or chest pain. While most arrhythmias are not serious some predispose a person to complications such as stroke or heart failure. Others may lead to cardiac arrest.
HOW IS CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS DIAGNOSED?
The cardiologist can diagnose the issue with the help of an Electrocardiogram which will help in taking a reading of the heartbeat, as well as other methods like the head up tilt test, an echocardiogram, a holter monitor or even Cardiac Catheterisation.
HOW IS CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS TREATED?
Usually, medication and lifestyle changes are prescribed by the cardiologist in order to deal with the issue. Antiarrhythmic medicines as well as anti coagulants and antiplatelet therapy can be used for treatment. Severe cases may require electrical cardioversion with an electric shock to the chest walls or the installation of a pacemaker.
DID YOU KNOW?
Arrhythmias occur in children, who have a heartbeat range different from that of adults.