A Cardiac arrhythmia is a disorder of the heart rate (pulse) or heart rhythm. The heart can beat too fast (tachycardia), too slow (bradycardia), or irregularly. It occurs when the electrical impulses that coordinate the heartbeats don’t work properly which may be life threatening at times. The symptoms of arrhythmias include
• Fast or slow heart beat
• Skipping beats
• Lightheadedness or dizziness
• Chest pain
• Shortness of breath
HOW IS CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS DIAGNOSED?
The cardiologist can diagnose the issue with the help of an Electrocardiogram which will help in taking a reading of the heartbeat, as well as other methods like the head up tilt test, an echocardiogram, a holter monitor or even Cardiac Catheterisation.
HOW IS CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS TREATED?
Treatment for cardiac arrhythmias varies with the seriousness and the type of arrhythmia. Some types of arrhythmias do not require any treatment. Some other types may require medication, lifestyle changes, and surgical procedures. Anti-arrhythmic and anticoagulants are commonly used medications for treatment. Lifestyle changes like avoiding activities that induce arrhythmias, quitting smoking and drinking and dietary changes may help reduce the occurrence of cardiac arrhythmias. Electrical cardioversion is a treatment method that gives electrical shocks to our heart to synchronize heart beats.
DID YOU KNOW?
Other common treatment methods are pacemakers and implantable cardioverter-defibrillator.