A bruise is a common skin injury that results in a discoloration of the skin. Blood from damaged blood cells deep beneath the skin collect near the surface of the skin, resulting in a black and blue mark. The common causes for bruising are:
• sports injuries
• car accidents
• blows, such as someone hitting you or being hit by a ball
• medications that thin the blood, such as aspirin or warfarin (Coumadin)
HOW IS BRUISING DIAGNOSED?
It is usually diagnosed by a general physician through the clinical picture.
HOW IS BRUISING TREATED?
Bruising can be treated at home with some of the following:
1. Use an ice pack to reduce swelling.
2. Rest the bruised area
3. Raise the bruised area above the heart to keep blood from settling into bruised tissue
4. Take a medicaton such as acetaminophen to reduce pain
DID YOU KNOW?
Bruises in elderly people frequently occur because their skin has become thinner with age. The tissues that support the underlying blood vessels become more fragile. It occurs more commonly with vitamin C deficiency (ascorbic acid deficiency or scurvy). It could also be a sign of physical abuse with children which would require immediate help by parents.