A Broken Nose is also known as a nasal fracture. It occurs due to an injury to the bony part of the nose. Sports like boxing and other accidents can cause such fractures. A child may also suffer from a broken nose due to a fall.
HOW IS BROKEN NOSE DIAGNOSED?
ENT surgeon will do a thorough examination of the internal and external aspects of the nose as well as the injuries using special instruments and will diagnose the severity of the condition, which the treatments would depend on.
HOW IS BROKEN NOSE TREATED?
After the exact condition is diagnosed by the ENT surgeon, there are few actions to improve the symptoms. Keeping ice wrapped in a cloth, over the nose for about 15 minutes may help in reducing the swelling and pain. This can be repeated over several times throughout the day but it is highly important to take breaks in between. A painkiller like Acetaminophen (Tylenol) or Ibuprofen and an over-the-counter nasal decongestant can be used according to medical advice. In addition, elevating the head during sleep by using several pillows will help to reduce swelling of the nose. The patient should not try to remove this pack. Antibiotics along with painkillers will be prescribed as needed. Surgical management is indicated in patients with severe or multiple fractures in the nose, persistent deformity or injury to inner aspects of the nose. After the surgery a follow- up should be done in 3-5 days where the patient is seen by the ENT surgeon, an oral or maxillofacial surgeon or a plastic surgeon as required. Minor nasal injuries should be reduced within 3-5 days.
DID YOU KNOW?
If a head injury or neck injury is suspected, movement should be avoided in order to prevent further damage to the nose.