Bone tumors are when cells divide abnormally and uncontrollably, they can form a mass or lump of tissue. This lump is called a tumor. A bone tumor may be cancerous (malignant) or noncancerous (benign). They often occur in areas of the bone that grow rapidly. Possible causes are genetic defects, radiation exposure and injury.
HOW IS BONE TUMORS DIAGNOSED?
As fractures, infections, and other conditions might resemble tumors, right diagnosis is necessary. Tests that may be done by orthopedic include:
• Alkaline phosphatase blood level
• X-ray of bone and surrounding tissue
• Bone scan
• Chest x-ray
• CT scan of the chest
• MRI of the bone and surrounding tissue
• Bone biopsy
HOW IS BONE TUMORS TREATED?
Benign tumors that are not too big may not require any treatment. However periodic review of the tumor should be done to ensure that it does not become malignant. Oncologists may treat malignant bone tumors depending on the type of tumor through chemotherapy, surgery or radiation therapy.
DID YOU KNOW?
The symptoms usually include dull aches combined with fever and sweating at night.