Birthmarks are marks visible on the skin that can be of any size and color. They are usually present at birth or develop soon afterwards. Birthmarks are categorised according to their composition. Marks formed due to excessive accumulation of melanin are known as pigmented birthmarks, as the majority of them are brown or black. The birthmarks composed of blood vessels are called vascular birthmarks. They are usually red, purple or blue in colour. Some of the common birthmarks are haemangiomas, salmon patches, café-au-lait spots, Mongolian spots, etc.
HOW IS BIRTHMARKS DIAGNOSED?
Pediatric dermatologist may detect birthmarks through physical examination of the baby.
HOW IS BIRTHMARKS TREATED?
Most birthmarks are left alone and do not require any treatment because they eventually fade out. Large moles are surgically removed. Other pigmented spots can be removed through laser treatment, but they often return. Larger hemangiomas can be treated with medication. For port-wine stains, laser treatment is the best treatment method.
DID YOU KNOW?
Large moles that are present at are more likely to become skin cancer.