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A medical condition, often inherited, that occurs at/ or before birth. The most common birth defects are: 1. Congenital Heart disease 2. Clubfoot 3. Cleft lip or palate 4.Spina Bifida 5. Missing or undeveloped Limbs 6. Sickle cell disease 7. PKU 8.Down syndrome 9.Fragile X syndrome
HOW IS BIRTH DEFECTS DIAGNOSED?
Some birth defects like cleft lip are structural problems, hence can be easily seen. Others like heart defects require special tests. Many birth defects can be diagnosed during pregnancy through prenatal ultrasounds. For in-depth screening, blood tests and amniocentesis may also be performed by Gynecologist.
HOW IS BIRTH DEFECTS TREATED?
If the defects are detected before birth i. e . In the womb itself some of them can be treated by suggesting particular medications to the mother where some can be cured by conducting surgeries in the womb itself. Some defects that cannot be diagnosed before birth need to be treated through medicines or surgically after birth
DID YOU KNOW?
For some defects, corrective surgery can be carried out soon after birth.