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BICUSPID AORTIC VALVE
Bicuspid Aortic Valve is an aortic valve that has two leaflets in place of three. The aortic valve is the major blood vessel that supplies blood to the heart. The bicuspid valve is present at birth and is the most common form of congenital heart disease. This condition is often undiagnosed as it does not show any symptoms. Symptoms of related complications are: • Quick and easy exhaustion in babies and children • Difficulty in breathing • Chest pain • Heart palpitations • Fainting • Pale skin Heart murmur, enlarged heart and weak pulse are other signs of bicuspid aortic valve.
HOW IS BICUSPID AORTIC VALVE DIAGNOSED?
A cardiologist diagnoses this condition by performing the following tests: 1. testing for heart murmurs 2. Stress test 3. Echocardiogram
HOW IS BICUSPID AORTIC VALVE TREATED?
Medications may include: • Angiotensin receptor blockers • ACE inhibitors • ""Water pills"" (diuretics) • Drugs that make the heart muscle pump harder (inotropic agents)