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ATRIAL SEPTAL DEFECT
Atrial Septal Defect is a congenital heart disease which is characterized by blood flow between the atria of the heart. This is caused by the absence of or by a defective septum that separates the two upper chambers of the heart. In this defect, the oxygen rich blood from the left side mixes with the oxygen-poor blood on the right side. Atrial septal defect symptoms may include: • Fatigue and shortness of breath • Frequent lung infections • Skipped heart beats • Heart palpitations • Swelling of legs, abdomen or feet • Heart murmur
HOW IS ATRIAL SEPTAL DEFECT DIAGNOSED?
A paediatric cardiologist uses the following tests to diagnose Atrial Septal defect: 1. Echocardiogram 2. Chest X Ray 3.ECG 4. Angiogram 5.MRI and CT of the heart
HOW IS ATRIAL SEPTAL DEFECT TREATED?
Many atrial septal defects close on their own during childhood. For those that don't close, some small atrial septal defects don't cause any problems and may not require any treatment. But many persistent atrial septal defects eventually require surgery to be corrected.
DID YOU KNOW?
For simple atrial septal defects closed during childhood, only occasional follow-up care is needed.