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ATRIAL SEPTAL DEFECT
An atrial septal defect or ASD is a congenial medical condition that is characterized by the presence of a hole in the wall between the two upper chambers of the heart. Many babies born with atrial septal defects don't have associated signs or symptoms. In adults, signs or symptoms usually begin by age 30. Some of the symptoms include shortness of breath, fatigue, swelling of legs, feet or abdomen, heart palpitations or skipped beats, frequent lung infections, stroke or heart murmur.
HOW IS ATRIAL SEPTAL DEFECT DIAGNOSED?
The various test involved in the diagnosis are: • Physical exam • Echocardiogram • Cardiac catheterization • Coronary angiography • Doppler study of the heart • Heart MRI • Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE)
HOW IS ATRIAL SEPTAL DEFECT TREATED?
Anticoagulants and beta blockers can be prescribed by the cardiologist for this condition. Also, medical monitoring is required so as to keep a close check so that the situation does not turn into a stroke. Open heart surgery and other procedures can also be used in such cases.
DID YOU KNOW?
This condition can shorten the lifespan of the patient.