Atrial Fibrillation is a medical condition characterized by abnormal heart rhythm. The heart rhythm is rapid and irregular, which often starts as a brief period and later progresses to longer durations. Rapid and irregular heart rate is the most common symptom associated with the disease. Other symptoms are shortness of breath, angina chest pain, swelling and congestion.
HOW IS ATRIAL FIBRILLATION DIAGNOSED?
The cardiologist may recommend a few tests to detect Atrial Fibrillation which are physical examination, electrocardiogram, Holter monitor, or patient-activated event recorder, chest X-ray and exercise stress test and echocardiogram.
HOW IS ATRIAL FIBRILLATION TREATED?
The primary aim in the treatment of AF is to bring back the heart to normal rhythm and prevent a stroke. Medicines are prescribed for long term control and to prevent reoccurrence of AF. However, they may not be very effective and may have side effects. Electrical cardioversion has proven to have more success rate with almost 95% patients. A surgery may be recommended for severe cases.
DID YOU KNOW?
Atrial fibrillation is linked to numerous cardiovascular disease, but may occur in otherwise healthy hearts also.