It is a very rare disease of the nervous system that weakens muscles and impacts physical function. The main symptom is muscle weakness. Also: 1. Muscle cramping, problems with coordination, stiffness, spasms 2. Whole body fatigue or feeling faint 3. Shortness of breath on lying down 4. Vocal cord spasm or impaired voice 5. difficulty in swallowing, drooling, lack of restraint, severe constipation, weight loss, tremor
HOW IS AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of the disease is done by: • Electromyography and nerve conduction velocity • Blood and urine studies • Spinal tap • MRI and Xrays • Myelogram of the cervical spine • Muscle and nerve biopsy • Neurological examination Genetic testing may also be done for detecting familial ALS
HOW IS AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS TREATED?
Most treatments for ALS are designed to relieve symptoms and improve the quality of life for patients. This supportive care is best provided by multidisciplinary teams of health care professionals such as physicians; pharmacists; physical, occupational, and speech therapists; nutritionists; social workers; and homecare and hospice nurses.
DID YOU KNOW?
Looking after one’s nutrition is very important for patients of ASL.