Amelogenesis is a tooth development disorder characterized by formation of enamel on teeth. It affects the structure and appearance of enamel of all teeth, both in the primary and secondary dentition. It is a genetic disorder, and hence passed from one generation to another. Some of the common symptoms include yellow and brittle teeth, along with formation of thin enamel on teeth.
HOW IS AMELOGENESIS DIAGNOSED?
During the enamel matrix formation, ameloblasts start getting secreted after dentin has been laid down. This is followed by the formation of the dentinoenamel membrane. This membrane prevents the contact between enamel rods and dentin. In the second stage, which is mineralization, partial mineralization of the matrix occurs, accounting for 25-30% of the total mineral content. The second stage is complete mineralization.
HOW IS AMELOGENESIS TREATED?
Dentists have laid down the following clinical considerations for Amelogenesis: • Enamel Caries • Cavity preparation • Shade selection • Acid etching • Fluoridation • Bleaching • Lateral spread of caries • Dens invagitanus
DID YOU KNOW?
Treatment for Amelogenesis is often successful in protecting the teeth from further deterioration and damage.