TMJ disorders is a type of temporomandibular disorder which can cause pain in jaw joint and in the muscles that control jaw movement.Signs and symptoms of TMJ disorders may include:
• Pain or tenderness of your jaw
• Pain in one or both of the temporomandibular joints
• Aching pain in and around your ear
• Difficulty chewing or pain while chewing
• Aching facial pain
• Locking of the joint, making it difficult to open or close your mouth
HOW IS TMJ DISORDERS DIAGNOSED?
A Dentist/ENT specialist diagnoses TMJ Disorders by performing a complete dental examination, X-rays of the jaw, CT scan of the jaw and MRI of the jaw to examine the structure of the jaw.
HOW IS TMJ DISORDERS TREATED?
The various treatments may include the following:
• Dental splint (occlusal splint or stabilization splint or bite guard), which is a dental appliance placed in the mouth that keeps the teeth in alignment and prevents tooth grinding.
• Botox may be used to relax the muscles of the jaw.
• Physical therapy with jaw exercises can strengthen muscles, improve flexibility, and range of motion.
• Biobehavioral management (biofeedback, cognitive behavioral therapy [CBT]) may help diminish pain intensity.
• Trigger point acupuncture can sometimes be helpful.
• In severe cases, surgery on the jaw or dental surgery may be necessary.
DID YOU KNOW?
Complications of long-term TMJ syndrome include chronic face pain or chronic headaches. In severe situations, where pain is chronic, or associated with other inflammatory disorders, long-term treatment may be necessary.