A person with Speech Disorders is unable to produce sound that helps in word formation. Stuttering, apraxia and dysarthria are some of the notable speech disorders. Injury of brain, vocal cords, stroke, muscle or respiratory weakness, polyps or medical conditions such as autism, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, oral cancer and dementia can be the causes that may affect speech. The symptoms usually include repetitions or addition of extra of sound, hoarseness, blinking while talking, frequent pauses while talking, sound distortion, etc.
HOW IS SPEECH DISORDERS DIAGNOSED?
Denver articulation screening test is the most common diagnostic test to screen Speech Disorders. Ear-nose-throat specialists also conduct Peabody Picture Vocabulary test to confirm diagnosis of Speech Disorders.
HOW IS SPEECH DISORDERS TREATED?
Mild Speech Disorders may require only speech therapy to improve speech. Speech therapist may prescribe special exercises that strengthen face and throat muscles. Controlled breathing is also another way of improving Speech Disorders.
DID YOU KNOW?
Early treatment improves the condition and prevents it from getting worse.