In Pericardial Disease, there is a mismatch of fluids between the heart and the pericardium. Common symptoms here include fever and fatigue along with extreme pain in the muscles. There is also a risk of having stomach disorders that include chronic gas, nausea, loose motions, acid reflux and other related digestion issues.
HOW IS PERICARDIAL DISEASE DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of Pericardial Disease depends on the specific symptoms and clinical evaluation. Electrocardiogram may be ordered by the cardiologist to check for inflammation of the pericardium. In case of constrictive pericarditis additional tests like cardiac catheterization, MRI and CT scan may be performed during diagnosis.
HOW IS PERICARDIAL DISEASE TREATED?
Treatment of pericarditis is based on the cause and may include:
• Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs) to decrease the pain and inflammation
• Steroids, used occasionally for severe attacks
• Antibiotics, if the pericarditis is due to infection
• Colchicine, particularly if symptoms last for several weeks or occur on a repetitive basis
DID YOU KNOW?
The pericardium helps keep the heart in position, prevent the heart from overfilling with blood, and protect the heart from being damaged by chest infections. However, the pericardium is not essential to life. If the pericardium is removed, there is little measurable effect on the heart's performance.