Though permanent teeth last a lifetime, yet some teeth might get damaged or decayed. Such teeth need to be extracted or removed. This tooth pulling refers to as dental extraction, exodontias or dental extraction. The teeth also need to be extracted for reasons like crowded mouth, infection or gum disease.
A dentist or oral surgeon who specializes in surgeries of mouth can remove a tooth. Before removing the tooth, the surgeon will give local anesthesia to numb the area where the tooth is to be removed. If the tooth is buried in the bone then a surgical or trance alveolar approach may be required. Once the tooth is extracted, a blood clot usually forms in the socket. The dentist will put a gauze pad into the socket to stop the bleeding. Sometimes a few stitches are required – usually self-dissolving- to close the gum edges of the extraction site. Normally the dentist uses elevators or pliers called “extraction forceps”.
After the surgery is performed, some painkillers recommended by the dentist need to be taken to ease the pain. Icy cold packs can also be used. After twenty-four hours, the mouth can be gently rinsed with warm salt water. Eat soft and cool food for a few days.
Sometimes tooth extraction can cause dry socket, which can be very painful and causes bad odor or taste. A dry socket can be treated with medicated dressing. The tooth might also be prone to infection after tooth extraction, where a dentist might advice antibiotics. There will always be a degree of pain in tooth extraction, but this temporary pain gives longtime relief.
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