Shin Splints are referred to as the pain along the shin bone (the frontal bone on the leg). The condition is most common in runners and athletes, dancers and military recruits. Usually, it happens in athletes who have suddenly changed their training course or intensity. If you have shin splints, you might notice tenderness, soreness or pain along the inner side of your shinbone and mild swelling in your lower leg.
HOW IS SHIN SPLINTS DIAGNOSED?
A Physiotherapist diagnoses Shin Splints by performing a physical examination and other diagnostic tests such as X-ray and imaging scans.
HOW IS SHIN SPLINTS TREATED?
The first measure here is to immediately stop doing all physical activities. A series of exercises like stretching backed with physiotherapy is also suggested here to ensure that your calves are stretched properly. NSAIDS can be used for pain relief. Plaster can be done to and surgery could be required at times.
DID YOU KNOW?
Wearing proper footwear and modifying your exercise routine can help prevent shin splints from recurring.
Shin splints essentially require one to take a break from certain physical activities and give legs time to rest. The discomfort resolves completely in a couple of hours or at the most in a couple of days with rest and limited activity. During this time, one can engage in activities like swimming or walking, which are less likely to cause harm to the legs and provides the much-needed relief. Use of ice-packs for half an hour in every four hours for two to three days, reduces swelling and provides immediate relief. Shin Splints treatment includes keeping one's leg elevated for a considerable amount of time, wearing of elastic compression bandages and taking over-the-counter medication. Shin muscle pain also occurs when excessive pressure builds within a muscle compartment and surgery to open the thick tissue surrounding muscle groups may be required. Shin Splints are common injury-affecting athletes engaged in running sports or other forms of physical activity and is characterized by general pain in the lower region of the leg between the knee and the ankle. In addition to the complete rest, one is recommended cortisone injections as well as supplements of calcium and vitamin D. In extremely rare cases, surgery might be required if a muscle tears away from the shinbone. Shin splints are not as complicated than they might look at first glance. However, correct diagnosis and the right treatment can make all the difference.
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