Leukoderma is a disease affecting the skin. It involves gradual loss of pigment melanin from the skin layers resulting in white patches on the surface of the skin. Leukoderma does not cause any harm to other body organs. Although, since it distorts the appearance of an individual, it may affect his self-esteem. It is not a contagious disease. The exact cause of leucoderma is not known. However, it is suspected to be an autoimmune disorder where the immune system of the body starts destroying its own cells and tissues. Other theories suggest that it may be caused by the irregular functioning of the liver or it may precipitate as a side effect of jaundice or typhoid. Stress and gastric disorder can also trigger the condition. Several studies have linked it to a defect in the genes. Leucoderma usually starts with a small white spot in any part of the body amd over time, the patches merge with one another and start multiplying. In some cases, it spreads all over the body. Steroid creams and laser therapy are currently used by doctors to resolve the condition. Several ayurvedic medicines like agnijith have proved to be effective in controlling leucoderma by blocking the loss of pigments from the cells. Medication is prescribed after a thorough examination of the overall physical condition of the patient and the factors that may be aggravating depigmentation. Leucoderma cure can spread over several weeks depending upon the degree of the depigmentation.
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