Knee pain can be caused by sudden injury or physical conditions like osteoporosis or arthritis. The injury can cause pain, swelling and stiffness. The knee is the largest bone bound together with ligaments, tendons and muscles. The treatment depends upon the severity of the injury. An orthopedic should be consulted for treatment related to knee injuries. If the pain in the knee is not severe it can be treated by P.R.I.C.E (protect, rest, ice, compression and elevation). Pain relievers such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) like Aleve or Naproxen and Advil or Motrin would be prescribed. Knee exercises also help in strengthening the muscles of the area. If there is unbearable pain in the knee area and you cannot put your foot down then you should consult an orthopedic. X-ray, CT scan, and Ultrasound, MRI, Biopsy, Arthroscopy and Joint aspiration, can diagnose the nature of knee problem. Some knee pains caused by fracture need the foot to be immobilized for a few weeks and the doctor could also put a cast. Problems, which are not directly related to injury or overuse, could be due to Osteoarthritis- in which the pain is worse during the day. Osgood schlatter disease is another condition, which causes swelling and tenderness just below the kneecap. Popliteal or Baker's cyst can cause swelling at the back of the knee. Infection in the skin (cellulites), joints (infection arthritis), bone (osteomyelitis) or bursa (septic bursitis) can also cause knee pain. The prognosis of knee pain is usually good but in some cases, it requires surgery. Knee replacement is also done in severe knee damage cases.
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