Herniated disc is a condition where the soft gel-like substance called nucleus pulposus projects out from the disc when the disc degenerates. This projection causes pain due to pressure on the nerve and even radiates through the arm or the leg. The spinal cord consists of series of disc-shaped vertebral bones. Age is the primary aspect of herniated disc in adults due to the dryness in the disc area. However, this could happen for many reasons like accidents, sudden movement of twisting or bending, carrying heavy weight objects from the ground, obesity. The symptoms of a herniated disc include severe leg pain due to the disc pressing on the nearby nerve. The pain is usually radiating and tearing into the nerves. Neurological symptoms may result in difficulty in lifting the leg. The lower back pain may be intense associated with stiffness. The person should approach an Orthopedist for diagnosing the symptoms to identify the disc that is herniated through an MRI scan or CT Scan or X-rays as required. In severe cases of Spinal Stenosis, the there are various treatments available. It is a condition caused by narrowing of the spinal canal compressing the nerve roots triggering severe pain. This compression can occur in the cervical or upper body or lumbar or lower body areas. In most cases, exercise and correct body posture are recommended to maintain the normalcy. Surgery is the last option when every other treatment fails. Since spinal cord has the critical function in our everyday life, proper care including regular exercise and right posture as recommended by the doctor should be maintained.
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