Arthroscopy is a surgical diagnostic procedure that is prescribed for the disorders associated with the joints. They are preferred over conventional diagnostic techniques as they yield more accurate results. Besides, with the advance in technology, specialised instruments are now available to treat the joint disorder at the same time.
An arthroscope is a small instrument that comprises a lens and lighting system. A probe attached to the instruments clicks pictures of the joint and ligament structure and transmits them to a television screen. During the procedure, a small incision is made on the patient's skin to insert the instrument. The light and the lens provide a clear and bright view of the cartilage, ligaments, tendons and the other areas that may be difficult to access. The images transmitted by the camera are used for diagnosing the nature of the joint ailment. A second or subsequent incision may be required to insert additional instruments for reaching areas that away be hidden to x-rays or ultrasounds. If necessary, the orthopaedic surgeon will insert additional instruments to treat or correct the abnormality.
Although the inside of nearly all joints can be examined with an arthroscope, it is used most frequently for the knee, shoulder, elbow, ankle, hip, and wrist.
Arthroscopy is used for the diagnosis of Rotator cuff tendon tears, recurrent dislocations of the shoulder, Meniscal tears and anterior cruciate ligament tears of the knee, Carpal tunnel syndrome and for trimming of damaged cartilage
Arthroscopy is utilised for treating several conditions including torn cartilage of knee or shoulder, cruciate ligament in knee, synovium in knee, shoulder, elbow, wrist, ankle, torn ligaments and loose bone or cartilage in knee, shoulder, elbow, ankle, and wrist.
Complications are rare but, the patients may take 10 to 12 days to recover completely.
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