Sprains, strains, rheumatism, arthritis or gout can cause ankle injury. They are lateral sprains, which happens when the foot rolls, or twists causing the ligaments to rip. In more severe cases, it can cause damage to cartilage or tendons of the ankle. Partial ligament tear can heal with R.I.C.E (rest, ice, compression, elevation) and allows the ankle to heal within a couple of days. Anti-inflammatory medicines such as Acetaminophen or Tylenol, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs Ibuprofen and Naproxen etc. can be taken. But if it is a more severe tear, an orthopedic should be consulted immediately. Normally an x-ray is done to determine whether there is a fracture. Sometimes these fractures are tiny stress fractures along the bone. Patient with severe injuries are placed in immobilized casts. When the sprain fails to heal soon, then it would seem to be ligament tear. Surgery is seldom required in an ankle injury. However, recovery time depends upon the severity of the sprain or the injury. Osteoarthritis is another cause of ankle injury. Septic arthritis can be chronic as well. The pain in such cases often keeps coming back and proper prevention helps keep it at bay. Under severe cases, surgery is required. In a fracture repair, metal plates and screws are used to keep the broken bones in place. Surgery is also done through ankle arthroscopy by inserting a lighted scope and narrow instruments through small incisions. Other surgeries are ankle fusion, ankle replacement and ankle displacement anthroplasty and Neo cartilage tissue formation where stem cells are injected into ankle joints.
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