Leprosy is a chronic bacterial infection caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae. Leprosy essentially affects the lining of the nose and the upper respiratory tract. If Leprosy is not treated, it can cause severe disfigurement and considerable disability. The most common symptoms of Leprosy include muscle weakness, numbness in the hands, feet and legs and skin lesions.
HOW IS LEPROSY DIAGNOSED?
In addition to a skin biopsy, a general physician would perform a skin smear test in order to confirm the diagnosis of this disease.
HOW IS LEPROSY TREATED?
Unlike what people may believe, leprosy can be cured and the treatment depends on the type of leprosy. The treatment is long term with use of antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs to treat nerve damage.
DID YOU KNOW?
An individual might exhibit symptoms of leprosy after 5 years of coming into contact with the slow growing bacteria that causes it.