Aspergillosis is a broad category of diseases caused by infection caused by Aspergillus fungi. The air we breathe contains spores of Aspergillus fungi, but does not cause infection. It affects those with low immunity, allergies and damaged lungs. Most common form of Aspergillosis is chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA). Symptoms for lung aspergillosis are repeated coughing of blood, chest pain and rare but severe bleeding leading to death. Aspergillosis that gets into the bloodstream may cause damage to multiple organs, leading to death. Aspergillosis of the ear may cause itching and draining of fluid, and aspergillosis of the sinuses leads to congestion and pain.
HOW IS ASPERGILLOSIS DIAGNOSED?
A pulmonologist diagnoses Aspergillosis by the following tests: 1. A biopsy of lung tissue 2. A chest X-Ray 3. A CT Scan 4. A sputum stain and culture to examine the bronchial mucus
HOW IS ASPERGILLOSIS TREATED?
The treatment can be done through antifungal medication as well as surgery for very severe cases where the fungus coats the heart valves with infection as well. The medication may be given orally or through intravenous administration.