Tumors are cell growths of abnormal sizes within the body and they are termed as benign tumors till they get diagnosed as malignant, in which case they are called cancers. Though they may not be directly life threatening, if the growth is to big to press on some of the vital organs, then they can cause other disorders. The causes behind Tumors forming are many and can vary from exposure to radiation, to stress in some and even genetic reasons.
HOW IS TUMORS DIAGNOSED?
A CT or MRI scan can determine the exact location of the tumor and how far it has spread. Another imaging test called positron emission tomography (PET) is used to find certain tumor types. Other tests that may be done include:
• Blood tests
• Bone marrow biopsy (most often for lymphoma or leukemia)
• Chest x-ray
• Complete blood count (CBC)
• Liver function tests
HOW IS TUMORS TREATED?
Not all benign tumors need treatment. If your tumor is small and isn't causing any symptoms, your doctor may recommend taking a watch-and-wait approach. Some tumors will never need treatment. Tumor surgery is often done using endoscopic techniques, meaning the instruments are contained in tube-like devices. This technique requires smaller surgical incisions, if any at all, and less healing time.
DID YOU KNOW?
As long as the tumor isn't causing you pain or discomfort, and it isn’t changing or growing, you can live with a benign tumor indefinitely.