Tuberculous Meningitis is a nervous disorder that strikes the spinal cord and even some parts of the brain that leads to the central nervous system being affected by meningitis. The symptoms experienced include headache and fever and in most cases the symptoms develop gradually. The inflammation is brought about by the bacteria Mycobacterium Tuberculosis and the rupture in the brain and in the spine.
HOW IS TUBERCULOUS MENINGITIS DIAGNOSED?
A neurologist orders the following tests to diagnose this condition:
• Biopsy of the brain or meninges
• Blood culture
• Chest x-ray
• CSF examination for cell count, glucose, and protein
• CT scan of the head
• Gram stain, other special stains, and culture of CSF
• Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of CSF
• Skin test for tuberculosis (PPD)
• Other tests to look for tuberculosis
HOW IS TUBERCULOUS MENINGITIS TREATED?
You will be given several medicines to fight the tuberculosis bacteria. Sometimes, treatment is started even if your doctor thinks you have the disease, but testing has not confirmed it yet. Treatment usually lasts for at least 12 months. Medicines called corticosteroids may also be used
DID YOU KNOW?
Some countries with a high incidence of TB give people a vaccine called BCG to prevent TB.