Transposition of the great arteries is a serious but rare heart defect present at birth (congenital), in which the two main arteries leaving the heart are reversed (transposed). It changes the way blood circulates through the body, leaving a shortage of oxygen in blood flowing from the heart to the rest of the body. Without an adequate supply of oxygen-rich blood, the body can't function properly and your child faces serious complications or death without treatment.
HOW IS TRANSPOSITION OF GREAT ARTERIES DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis is done by a paediatrician who would do an ECG, X-ray or a foetal echocardiogram to check for these signs.
HOW IS TRANSPOSITION OF GREAT ARTERIES TREATED?
The treatment commences right after birth where the child is given prostaglandin through an IV. In some cases, a thin flexible tube called balloon atrial septostomy is used. The arterial switch procedure, which is a surgery is done to treat the same.
DID YOU KNOW?
If you have complications, such as arrhythmias or serious heart muscle problems, pregnancy may pose risks to both you and your fetus. In some situations, such as for women who have severe complications of their heart defect, pregnancy isn't recommended even for those with a repaired transposition.