A Tooth Abscess is a pocket of pus that is caused primarily by a bacterial infection. The abscess can occur at different regions of the tooth for different reasons and a Tooth Abscess occurs after the center of a tooth becomes infected with bacteria. Tooth Abscess is typically a result of tooth decay or a broken or chipped tooth. Some of the common signs of Tooth Abscess include sensitivity to hot and cold temperatures, fever, swelling in the face or cheek, and tender, swollen lymph nodes.
HOW IS TOOTH ABSCESS DIAGNOSED?
A Dentist diagnoses Tooth Abscess by examining the tooth and surrounding area and performing a complete dental examination. An X-ray of the aching tooth can help identify a Tooth Abscess.
HOW IS TOOTH ABSCESS TREATED?
Dentists will treat a tooth abscess by draining it and getting rid of the infection. They may be able to save your tooth with a root canal treatment, but in some cases the tooth may need to be pulled. Open up (incise) and drain the abscess. The dentist will make a small cut into the abscess, allowing the pus to drain out, and then wash the area with saltwater (saline).
Perform a root canal. This can help eliminate the infection and save your tooth. To do this, your dentist drills down into your tooth, removes the diseased central tissue (pulp) and drains the abscess. He or she then fills and seals the tooth's pulp chamber and root canals. The tooth may be capped with a crown to make it stronger, especially for a molar tooth. If you care for your restored tooth properly, it can last a lifetime.
Pull the affected tooth. If the affected tooth can't be saved, your dentist will extract the tooth and drain the abscess to get rid of the infection.
Prescribe antibiotics. If the infection is limited to the abscessed area, you may not need antibiotics. But if the infection has spread to nearby teeth, your jaw or other areas, your dentist will likely prescribe antibiotics to stop it from spreading further. He or she may also recommend antibiotics if you have a weakened immune system.
DID YOU KNOW?
There are three types of dental abscess:
• Gingival abscess - the abscess is only in the gum tissue and does not affect the tooth or the periodontal ligament.
• Periodontal abscess - this abscess starts in the supporting bone tissue structures of the teeth.
• Periapical abscess - this abscess commences in the soft pulp of the tooth.