Swollen gums are a common sign of infection in the gum along with oral hygiene issues. One would experience swelling in the gums area and also have some form of bleeding and darkening of the gums. In other cases, there is some discharge from the gums that is pus like, suggesting serious forms of inflammation and infection. One would also experience pain when eating or having food.
HOW IS SWOLLEN GUMS DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis of gum disease is done by the following methods
Measuring the gums: A dentist or hygienist will use a periodontal probe to measure the depths of the pockets around all of the teeth in the mouth generally once per calendar year. Healthy gums will have pockets 1 mm-3 mm deep. Beyond that, the deeper the pockets, the more severe the disease.
Taking X-rays: Dental bitewing X-rays will help show the level of the underlying bone and whether any bone has been lost to periodontal disease.
Examining sensitive teeth: Teeth that have become sensitive around the gum line may indicate areas of receding gums.
Checking the gums: A dentist or hygienist will look for red, swollen, or bleeding gums.
HOW IS SWOLLEN GUMS TREATED?
Some medications – including dilantin, phenobarbital or calcium channel blockers – list swollen, sore gums as a side-effect.Some causes of gum pain, like medications and illness, will need to be treated with more comprehensive medical care.Take Anti-Inflammatory Medication because inflammation can aggravate the nerves in your jaw, much of the pain associated with sore gums is actually due to the swelling itself. Taking an anti-inflammatory medication like acetaminophen or ibuprofen can help you find relief in the interim so you don't incur further damage before seeing your doctor or dentist.
DID YOU KNOW?
Gum swelling could lead to loss of teeth and hence it is best to consult a dentist at the earliest.