The gums are made up of firm, pink tissue that covers the jawbones, and this tissue is thick, fibrous and full of blood vessels. In case of Swollen Gums, the gums protrude or bulge out. Swollen Gums occur when the gum meets the tooth and they begin to hide parts of the teeth. In case of a Swollen Gum, the gums appear red instead of their normal pink color.
HOW IS SWOLLEN GUMS DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis of gum disease is done by the following methods
Measuring the gums: A dentist or hygienist will use a periodontal probe to measure the depths of the pockets around all of the teeth in the mouth generally once per calendar year. Healthy gums will have pockets 1 mm-3 mm deep. Beyond that, the deeper the pockets, the more severe the disease.
Taking X-rays: Dental bitewing X-rays will help show the level of the underlying bone and whether any bone has been lost to periodontal disease.
Examining sensitive teeth: Teeth that have become sensitive around the gum line may indicate areas of receding gums.
Checking the gums: A dentist or hygienist will look for red, swollen, or bleeding gums.
HOW IS SWOLLEN GUMS TREATED?
Treatment for Swollen Gums depends on the cause. Gingivitis or any infection may be treated with oral rinses and antibiotics. Scaling and root planing is common treatment to treat Swollen Gums
DID YOU KNOW?
Gum swelling could lead to loss of teeth and hence it is best to consult a dentist at the earliest.