Sarcoidosis is defined as a disease that includes the abnormal collections of inflammatory cells in shape of lumps that are referred to as granulomas. The symptoms of the disease commence in the lungs and lymph nodes with mild signs like wheezing, chest pain, shortness of breath, cough and also fever in some cases. In others there is enlargement of the lymph nodes.
HOW IS SARCOIDOSIS DIAGNOSED?
Diagnostic tests can help exclude other disorders and determine what body systems may be affected by sarcoidosis. The following tests may be recommended
Chest X-ray to check for lung damage or enlarged lymph nodes
Computerized tomography (CT scan) if complications are suspected.
Positron emission tomography (PET) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of sarcoidosis seems to be affecting heart or central nervous system.
Blood tests to assess overall health and how well kidneys and liver are functioning.
Lung (pulmonary) function tests to measure lung volume and how much oxygen lungs deliver to your blood.
Eye exam to check for vision problems that may be caused by sarcoidosis
HOW IS SARCOIDOSIS TREATED?
There's no cure for sarcoidosis, but in half of cases it goes away on its own. One may not even need treatment if one don't have significant signs and symptoms of the condition, but one should be monitored with regular chest X-rays and exams of the eyes, skin and any other organ involved. If symptoms are severe or organ function is threatened, then medication will be done for the same.Organ transplant may be considered if sarcoidosis has severely damaged lungs, heart or liver.
DID YOU KNOW?
Though it starts off on a mild scale, there is chance that this disease can get chronic. It is also an early sign of lymph node cancer.