Doctors for Salivary Gland Tumors in Agaramthen, Kanchipuram
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SALIVARY GLAND TUMORS
Tumors of the salivary glands are rare and represent 2-4% of head and neck neoplasms which can be both benign or malignant.Salivary gland tumors are abnormal cells growing in the gland or in the tubes (ducts) that drain the salivary glands.The most common type of salivary gland tumor is a slow-growing noncancerous (benign) tumor of the parotid gland. The tumor gradually increases the size of the gland. Some of these tumors can be cancerous (malignant).Signs and symptoms of salivary gland cancer may include
A lump or swelling on or near jaw or in neck or mouth
Numbness in part of face
Muscle weakness on one side of face
Persistent pain in the area of a salivary gland
Trouble opening mouth widely
HOW IS SALIVARY GLAND TUMORS DIAGNOSED?
An examination by a healthcare provider or dentist shows a larger than normal salivary gland, usually one of the parotid glands. Tests may include:
• X-rays of the salivary gland (called a myelogram or sialogram) to look for a tumor
• Ultrasound, CT scan or MRI to confirm that there is a growth, and to see if the cancer has spread to lymph nodes in the neck
• Salivary gland biopsy or fine needle aspiration to determine whether the tumor is benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous)
HOW IS SALIVARY GLAND TUMORS TREATED?
Surgery to remove the affected salivary gland is the most effective method of treatment. Radiation and chemotherapy would be used if the disease has progressed beyond the affected area.
DID YOU KNOW?
Of the reported cases, 20 to 25% of salivary gland tumors are malignant. However, there are acute complications involved that lead to death.