ROP is a problem of the eye that was earlier referred to as retrolental fibroplasia (RLF). Premature infants who had received intensive neonatal care are particularly prone to getting affected from the same. There is a disorganized growth of retinal blood vessels that leads to acute vision issues and even blindness. Usually underweight babies or very poor birth rates are prone to this.
HOW IS ROP DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis is done by an ophthalmoscopic examination
HOW IS ROP TREATED?
Laser surgery, the standard treatment for advanced ROP, saves sight in the main part of the visual field, but at the cost of side (peripheral) vision. Laser surgery also requires general anesthesia, which may be risky for preterm infants.
DID YOU KNOW?
The history of this disease is 30% high in developing countries and about 5-8% in developed countries.