Rhinosporidiosis is an infection caused by rhinosporidium seeberi. This organism was first assumed to be a fungus, but recent studies reveal that it is a protist. Rhinosporidiosis affects the mucus membrane of nasopharynx, oropharynx, conjunctiva, rectum and external genitalia. Rhinosporidiosis is a chronic granulomatous infection of the mucous membranes. Traumatic inoculation from one site to another is quite common. Symptoms are:
• Nose obstruction
• Bleeding from nose
• Runny nose
• Postnasal discharge
• Nasal polyps
HOW IS RHINOSPORIDIOSIS DIAGNOSED?
Physical examination to detect Pink to deep red polyps with Strawberry like appearance which bleeds easily upon manipulation.Diagnosis is confirmed by biopsy and histopathology with several round or oval sporangia and spores which may be seen bursting through its chitinous wall
HOW IS RHINOSPORIDIOSIS TREATED?
Treatment of Rhinosporidiosis is surgical excision at the lesion base. Yearlong dose of medications is known to show effects on Rhinosporidiosis
DID YOU KNOW?
Patients infected with Rhinosporidiosis are mostly diagnosed with inflamed nose and nasopharynx