Pilomatricoma, also known as pilomatrixoma, is a type of noncancerous (benign) skin tumor associated with hair follicles. Hair follicles are specialized structures in the skin where hair growth occurs. Pilomatricomas occur most often on the head or neck, although they can also be found on the arms, torso, or legs. A pilomatricoma feels like a small, hard lump under the skin. This type of tumor grows relatively slowly and usually does not cause pain or other symptoms. Most affected individuals have a single tumor, although rarely multiple pilomatricomas can occur. If a pilomatricoma is removed surgically, it tends not to grow back (recur).
HOW IS PILOMATRICOMA DIAGNOSED?
While the cause of Pilomatricoma is unknown, a Dermatologist diagnosis Pilomatricoma by conducting an ultrasound scan and X-ray. Often, a small biopsy is also performed to determine the cause of Pilomatricoma.
HOW IS PILOMATRICOMA TREATED?
Treatment for Pilomatricoma usually requires surgical care. If they are not removed the right way or from the root, there is a chance of it recurring. In other cases, laser surgery is done. Nitrogen is also used in removing these Pilomatricoma from certain parts.
DID YOU KNOW?
Most pilomatricomas occur in people under the age of 20. However, these tumors can also appear later in life. Almost all pilomatricomas are benign, but a very small percentage are cancerous (malignant).