Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a condition in which the ductus arteriosus does not close. The word ""patent"" means open. The ductus arteriosus is a blood vessel that allows blood to go around the baby's lungs before birth. Soon after the infant is born and the lungs fill with air, the ductus arteriosus is no longer needed. It most often closes in a couple of days after birth. If the vessel doesn't close, it is referred to as a PDA. It leads to abnormal blood flow between the 2 major blood vessels that carry blood from the heart to the lungs and to the rest of the body.
HOW IS PATENT DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS DIAGNOSED?
A paediatric specialist may diagnose the condition based on your child’s heartbeat. An echocardiogram, chest X-ray, electrocardiogram and cardiac catheterization will help with definitive diagnosis.
HOW IS PATENT DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS TREATED?
Usually if the opening isn't to large, there may not be any treatment needed. Also, doctors may suggest watchful waiting as it is possible for the opening to close off on its own in some time. Some medications may be administered to help close the PDA. An open heart surgery is an option to consider if medications are not effective.
DID YOU KNOW?
Detection of heart murmur in an infant is the first indication of Patent Ductus Arteriosus