Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome may occur after using injectable hormone medications during in vitro fertilization (IVF). Basically the condition occurs when your body gets too much of the fertility hormones that tend to cause your ovaries to become swollen. A small number of women may develop severe OHSS, which can cause rapid weight gain, abdominal pain, vomiting and shortness of breath.
HOW IS OVARIAN HYPERSTIMULATION SYNDROME DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis based on:
A physical exam which would take note of any weight gain, increases in waist size and abdominal pain.
An ultrasound to show if ovaries are bigger than normal, with large fluid-filled cysts where follicles developed.
A blood test to check blood concentration and whether kidney function is being impaired because of OHSS.
HOW IS OVARIAN HYPERSTIMULATION SYNDROME TREATED?
Mild OHSS typically resolves on its own. Treatment for moderate OHSS may involve:
• Anti-nausea medication, prescription painkillers or both
• Blood tests to monitor for dehydration, electrolyte imbalance and other problems
• Drinking sufficient fluids
• Draining excess abdominal fluid using a needle inserted in your abdominal cavity
• Wearing support stockings to help prevent blood clots
• Serious complications may require additional treatments, such as surgery for a ruptured ovarian cyst or intensive care for liver or lung complications. You may also need anticoagulant medications to decrease the risk of blood clots in your legs.
DID YOU KNOW?
This is not really a life-threatening problem but in many cases there are acute complications related with periods that affect fertility and with age there is also a risk of getting ovarian cancer if left untreated.