Otitis Media is basically an infection in the air-filled space behind the ear drum. This is a painful condition that presents symptoms such as excessive crying, irritation, sleeplessness, ear and head pain, fluid drainage from the ear, diarrhoea, vomiting, lack of balance and temporary hearing loss. The condition is more common in children aged 6 months to 3 years.
HOW IS OTITIS MEDIA DIAGNOSED?
Physical examination of the ear by otoscope to look for redness, swelling ,blood,pus,air bubbles,fluid in the middle earor perforation of the eardrum.Tympanometry test to measure the air pressure in ear to determine whether the eardrum is ruptured.Reflectometry test to determine whether there’s fluid in the ear by listening to the sound reflected back from their ear.
HOW IS OTITIS MEDIA TREATED?
The majority of Otitis Media infections resolve without antibiotic treatment. Home treatment and pain medications are usually recommended before antibiotics are tried to avoid the overuse of antibiotics and reduce the risk of adverse reactions from antibiotics. In certain cases the doctor may suggest Surgery eg adenoid removal and ear tube surgery.
DID YOU KNOW?
This is a very common form of infection that affects both adults and children - and if severe it could also result in loss of hearing.