Also known as river blindness or Robles disease, Onchocerciasis is an infection caused by parasitic worm Onchocerca volvulu.The parasite is spread by bites of a black fly. The disease tends to cause symptoms such as itching, bumps and blindness.
HOW IS ONCHOCERCIASIS DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis of the condition is usually done by a dermatologist on the basis of a physical examination as well as various lab tests including blood, urine and stool. Also, the doctor will conduct a skin test using sample tissue from the lesions for proper diagnosis.
HOW IS ONCHOCERCIASIS TREATED?
Ivermectin is usually used for the treatment of this condition. It should be administered at least once a year to children between the age of 10 to 15 years of age. This drug should be administered especially in areas like Central Africa where this condition is rampant.
DID YOU KNOW?
The WHO headquarters are launching an elimination program for this disease in Yemen.