Doctors for Nephrolithiasis in Gunduperunbedu Village, Kanchipuram
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The formation of crystal aggregates in the urinary tract results in kidney stones, the clinical condition referred to as nephrolithiasis. Kidney stones might produce no symptoms or may be associated with one or several of the following: flank pain, gross or microscopic hematuria, obstruction of one or both kidneys, and urinary infections. The stones are usually formed by one of four substances: calcium, uric acid, magnesium ammonium phosphates (or struvite), or cystine.
HOW IS NEPHROLITHIASIS DIAGNOSED?
Nephrolithiasis is diagnosed based on the specific symptoms, physical examination and evaluation of patient history. Nephrologists may order for other imaging tests like helical scan are performed to check status of stones. Microscopic examination of the urine, urine culture, complete blood count and renal function tests are other diagnostic test for confirming Nephrolithiasis
HOW IS NEPHROLITHIASIS TREATED?
The treatment consists of high fluid intake, dietary sodium restriction, and thiazide diuretics. An additional benefit of thiazide diuretics is that their chronic use is associated with preservation of bone mineral density. Dietary calcium restriction is not advised because of the potential for negative calcium balance and because a low-calcium diet increases the gastrointestinal absorption of oxalate and increased oxaluria. In hypercalcemic hypercalciuric stone-forming patients, the cause of the hypercalcemia should be sought and corrected. Correcting the metabolic acidosis in RTA and inflammatory bowel disease increases the urinary citrate excretion, an inhibitor of crystallization, and lessens the urinary calcium excretion.
DID YOU KNOW?
""Nephrolithiasis"" is derived from the Greek nephros- (kidney) lithos (stone) = kidney stone. The stones themselves are also called renal calculi. The word ""calculus"" (plural: calculi) is the Latin word for pebble.