Necrotizing Enterocolitis is a serious life threatening condition that is commonly seen in premature infants. The condition is characterized by damage to the intestinal tissues. The symptoms of the condition include bloating or swelling in the abdomen, bloody stools or diarrhoea. NEC can develop in newborns within two weeks of birth.
HOW IS NECROTIZING ENTEROCOLITIS DIAGNOSED?
A General Physician/Pediatrics diagnoses Necrotizing Enterocolitis by doing a physical examination and X-Ray of the abdomen to closely monitor and look for signs of infections.
HOW IS NECROTIZING ENTEROCOLITIS TREATED?
Treatment for a baby who may have necrotizing enterocolitis most often includes:
• Halting enteral (GI tract) feedings
• Relieving gas in the bowel by inserting a tube in the stomach
• Giving IV fluids and nutrition
• Giving IV antibiotics
• Monitoring the condition with abdominal x-rays, blood tests, and measurement of blood gases
DID YOU KNOW?
According to research, at least 10% of babies who are under 3 pounds at the time of birth have a higher chance of developing Necrotizing enterocolitis or NEC.