A very dominant and yet slowly progressing disease is Myotonic Dystrophy, which is also referred to as dystrophia myotonica and myotonia atrophica. Here, there is excessive waste of muscle leading to the patient becoming almost skinny. There are two kinds of the disease namely DM1 and DM2. The former has more severe symptoms in loss of muscles, being rather chronic while the other is milder.
HOW IS MYOTONIC DYSTROPHY DIAGNOSED?
A physical examination will usually reveal the typical pattern of muscle weakness and wasting and the presence of muscle stiffness (myotonia). Tests that may be done to confirm the diagnosis include a blood test, a muscle biopsy, and an electromyogram (EMG). The most precise diagnosis is made by analyzing the DNA in a blood sample as it will look for the specific genetic error that causes DM1 or DM2.
HOW IS MYOTONIC DYSTROPHY TREATED?
Treatment for this disease includes management. In some cases, medicines like imipramine, clomipramine and taurine are provided to manage the illness. Alongside, internal medicines are used for controlling the problem. Physiotherapy followed with massages and other alternative techniques are also known to provide respite.
DID YOU KNOW?
There are two major types of myotonic dystrophy: type 1 and type 2. Their signs and symptoms overlap, although type 2 tends to be milder than type 1. The muscle weakness associated with type 1 particularly affects the lower legs, hands, neck, and face. Muscle weakness in type 2 primarily involves the muscles of the neck, shoulders, elbows, and hips. The two types of myotonic dystrophy are caused by mutations in different genes.