Muscle Cramps are sudden involuntary contraction of one or more of your muscles causing pain and immobility. Muscle cramps make it temporarily impossible to use the affected muscle. Symptoms are:
• Sudden sharp pain
• Hard lump of muscle beneath skin
HOW IS MUSCLE CRAMPS DIAGNOSED?
Muscle cramps are usually not permanent, hence it is difficult for diagnosing it at a doctor’s clinic. However, complications like redness or swelling or frequent occurrence of muscle cramps needs to be reported to the doctor. General physician may evaluate your symptoms and also perform a complete physical examination. The doctor may look for signs of dehydration, swelling or nerve disorders.
HOW IS MUSCLE CRAMPS TREATED?
Home treatment is most recommended. Hot cloth massage, using heating pad, ice or a cold cloth can relieve the cramps. Stretching can also help. Further treatment depends on the underlying condition.
DID YOU KNOW?
Muscle cramps can have many possible causes. They include:
• Poor blood circulation in the legs
• Overexertion of the calf muscles while exercising
• Insufficient stretching before exercise
• Exercising in the heart
• Muscle fatigue
• Magnesium and/or potassium deficiency
• Calcium deficiency in pregnant women
• Malfunctioning nerves, which could be caused by a problem such as a spinal cord injury or pinched nerve in the neck or back