Multiple Sclerosis is a chronic illness that affects the central nervous system. In people affected with Multiple Sclerosis, the infection affects the myelin sheath that protects the nerve fibers. This results in formation of scar tissue or lesions making it difficult for the brain to send signals. Symptoms are:
• Numbness of feet or legs
• Difficulty balancing
• Muscle weakness
• Muscle spasticity
• Speech disorders
• Cognitive issues
HOW IS MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS DIAGNOSED?
A neurologist may perform neurological examination to diagnose Multiple Sclerosis. The doctor also takes into consideration your symptoms and medical history. Imaging tests like MRI of the brain and spinal cord by using a contrast dye is the most effective diagnostic method. A spinal tap or lumbar punctures help find abnormalities in the spinal fluid.
HOW IS MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS TREATED?
There is no current treatment available for multiple sclerosis but many of the symptoms are manageable through medicines like intravenous corticosteroids, which include methylprednisolone. Alongside the doctor would also encourage the patient to take part in various kinds of counseling and physiotherapy sessions that are accompanied with exercises for the brain.
DID YOU KNOW?
One of the most debilitating symptoms of multiple sclerosis is fatigue. This is unlike the regular fatigue but causes a complete disruption of your ability to perform any tasks in your everyday routine.