Meniere's Disease is a medical condition that affects the inner ear. This disease usually occurs as episodes or attacks. Symptoms of Meniere's Disease are:
• Recurring episodes of vertigo
• Hearing loss
• Ringing in the ear
• Feeling of fullness in the ear
HOW IS MENIERE'S DISEASE DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis of Meniere's disease is primarily made from the history and physical examination. Tinnitus or ear fullness (aural fullness) need to be present to make the diagnosis An audiogram is helpful to show a hearing loss, and to rule-out other abnormalities. Other tests such as the auditory brainstem response (ABR), a computerized test of the hearing nerves and brain pathways, computer tomography (CT scan) or, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may be needed to rule out a tumor occurring on the hearing or balance nerve.
HOW IS MENIERE'S DISEASE TREATED?
There are no medications for Meniere's disease but motion sickness and anti-nausea medications could help patients cope with the episodes of vertigo. A hearing aid could help with hearing loss. For patients experiencing severe vertigo surgery to remove the portion of the ear controlling balance could be recommended.
DID YOU KNOW?
Meniere's Disease can occur at any age, the common age of occurrence is between 20 and 50.