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Melioidosis is an infectious disease that is caused by a gram-negative bacterium that is found in soil and water. It is a common infection that spreads in endemic areas. Melioidosis can either be acute or chronic. Symptoms of Melioidosis are:
• Chest pain
• Bone or joint pain
• Skin infection
• Lung nodules and pneumonia
HOW IS MELIOIDOSIS DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis of melioidosis is made with a microscopic evaluation of a blood, urine, sputum, or skin-lesion sample in the laboratory. A blood test is useful to detect early acute cases of melioidosis, but it cannot exclude the illness if it is negative.
HOW IS MELIOIDOSIS TREATED?
The treatment of this disorder consists of a two stages in the first an intravenous solution of medications such as ceftazidime is administered to patients to lower fevers. The second phase is the eradication phase the drugs prescribed ensue that the bacteria is completely removed from the body.
DID YOU KNOW?
The septicemic form of Melioidosis has a high mortality rate if left untreated.