Often starting out as a swelling in the knuckles, the Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis is also known as the juvenile rheumatoid arthritis and is very different from the adult rheumatoid arthritis. It is considered to be an autoimmune disease. The first signs of the disease are often subtle but evident such as a sore wrist, finger or limping. Stiffness may occur in the neck, hips or other joints.
HOW IS JUVENILE IDIOPATHIC ARTHRITIS DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis is done by a Paediatric/General Physician by conducting a thorough physical examination of the body, and studying a detailed medical history of the patient. Also, a C-reactive protein test and MRI is also conducted to determine the cause of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis.
HOW IS JUVENILE IDIOPATHIC ARTHRITIS TREATED?
Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis is treated with a combination of medication, physical therapy, and exercise. In some cases, a child may require corticosteroid injections into the joint. In very rare cases, kids and teens may need surgery. The health care providers, including the primary care physician, rheumatologist, and physical therapist, will work together to develop the best method of treatment. The goals of treatment are to relieve pain and inflammation, slow down or prevent the destruction of joints, and restore use and function of the joints to promote optimal growth, physical activity, and social and emotional development.
DID YOU KNOW?
In some children the problem can be completely treated while others have to live with it.