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INTERRUPTED AORTIC ARCH
Interrupted aortic arch (IAA) is a rare condition in which the aorta which is the large blood vessel arising from the heart that carries blood to the rest of the body is incomplete, or interrupted. The normal shape of the aorta is an arch or curve, in the case of an interrupted aortic arch, a part of the aorta is missing and the aorta is incomplete. This means that the heart cannot send blood through the aorta. This is a life-threatening situation, if blood does not get to any part of the body, the patient can go into shock and may die.
HOW IS INTERRUPTED AORTIC ARCH DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis is done by a cardiologist who will perform a physical examination and ask for details for medical and family history. It is usually diagnosed with an echocardiogram. During an echocardiogram, ultrasound, high-frequency sound waves from a handheld wand placed on the chest provides images of the heart’s valves and chambers. An IAA can also be seen with the use of ultrasound while the fetus is still in the womb.
HOW IS INTERRUPTED AORTIC ARCH TREATED?
Emergency treatment involves infusion of prostaglandin for keeping the ductus arteriosus open. Further treatment aims at stabilizing the infant until surgery. Surgery is performed to connect the aortic arch. Interrupted Aortic Arch repair surgery may lead to residual obstruction or stenosis at the repair site
DID YOU KNOW?
Mortality rate for Interrupted Aortic Arch is 90%.