Hyponatremia is a medical condition where the sodium level found in your blood is very low. Sodium is very important as it helps to regulate the water in your cells. Hyponatremia can be mild as well as life threatening.
Hyponatremia symptoms include headache, nausea, confusion, fatigue, loss of energy, irritability, restlessness, muscle spasms, muscle weakness, seizures and slipping into a coma.
There are many factors which lead to Hyponatremia such as ingesting certain medications, liver problems, heart problems, SIADH (Syndrome of inappropriate anti-diuretic hormone), chronic diarrhea, severe vomiting, kidney problems, dehydration, hormonal changes and drugs such as ecstasy.
People who are old or those who engage in intense physical activities are at a higher risk of developing Hyponatremia. Sometimes some medical conditions also decrease the water excretion in our body which results in Hyponatremia.
Acute Hyponatremia can give rise to many complications such as extreme brain swelling which can lead to comatose or death. Women who are nearing menopause are also more susceptible to developing Hyponatremia.
It is advisable to contact a critical care specialist or a nephrologist for Hyponatremia treatment.
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